Variant production has grown in importance over the years. It is due to the increasing demand for individual products, which applies equally to the B2B and B2C markets. Examples of variant production are the furniture industry and computer production. Starting from a basic configuration, different types are produced in the variant production, which differ, for example, in terms of colors, materials or functions.
From a business perspective, product variants increase the complexity of the production process. Instead of permanently loading the production lines with one product, the batch size is reduced. This increases set-up costs and planning effort. The width of the material increases, as does the number of work plans. In addition, there is an increased operational risk, because the demand for individual variants cannot always be reliably assessed.
Variant manufacturers have a great interest in keeping any additional costs manageable. ERP systems help to find optimal sequences, utilize resources and ensure adherence to deadlines.